Cryolipolysis (fat freezing) is a non-surgical fat reduction treatment which uses controlled cooling to selectively target and eliminate stubborn fat. The results are proven, noticeable, and lasting.
The term ‘cryolipolysis’ is derived from the Greek roots ‘cryo’ meaning cold, ‘lipo’ meaning fat and ‘lysis’ meaning dissolution or loosening. Generally, the process is also known as Coolsculpting or fat freezing.
Cryolipolysis was developed based on the premise that fat cells are more easily damaged by cooling than skin cells, as demonstrated by popsicle panniculitis. In this process, when subcutaneous fat is cooled below body temperature but above freezing, the fat undergoes controlled cell death followed by a local inflammatory response, a localized panniculitis that gradually results in a reduction of fat in that area.
Fat freezing technology was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2010. The method involves the controlled cooling of subcutaneous fat cells, without damaging any of the surrounding tissue. The degree of exposure to cooling causes controlled cell death (apoptosis). The dead fat cells are then naturally processed and eliminated by the body’s lymphatic system.
Cryolipolysis can be performed as a standalone treatment for the spot reduction of fat or combined with and ultrasonic fat cavitation and radio frequency (RF) skin tightening for complete body contouring.
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